The African elephant is one of the most recognizable animals in the world and they are often seen as symbols for strength, power, wisdom, and longevity. It's important to know which types of elephants you're encountering when traveling through Africa so that you can be prepared. The first thing to look at is whether their ears are mostly flat on top or round with pointed ends. If it looks like an umbrella turned upside down then it is probably a bull elephant; if not then it could be a cow elephant. Next, take note of how big the animal seems - does it look like a small house? If so then it is probably a bull.